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Against the background of Europe`s long and turbulent history, this book may also help to understand why it is so difficult to overcome nationalism and to practice the virtue of solidarity so central to the Christian source of Europe as a civilization. Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University.
Since the successful and peaceful revolution in 1989 ended the division of Europe and the bipolar nuclear stalemate, we collectively entered the brave new world of organised forgetting. Forgiveness in criminal law through incorporating restorative mediation Jacques Claessen In this monograph, the author argues for the integration of the concept of forgiveness into criminal law through incorporating restorative justice practices such as victim-offender mediation.
We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century. The author contends that it is about time that criminal law is aimed at peace-making.
This will inevitably entail significant changes to substantive and procedural criminal law.
We must therefore learn from history if only to avoid repeating a few of the blunders of the past century. NATO, the principal subject of Part II in this volume, was considered to be the cornerstone of the Alliance of democracies since the onset of the Cold War. In 1950, two sworn enemies – France and Germany – decide to seek reconciliation and European federal unity.
In Part II, developments are examined in a circumscribed period – from the outbreak of the First World War in July 1914 to the celebration of NATO’s Sixtieth Anniversary on 4 April 2009, and the New Epilogue covers until the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States in January 2017. Alting von Geusau (1933) is professor (em.) of International Law and Western Cooperation at Tilburg University and Leiden University. As a first step, they created the European Coal and Steel Community together with Italy and the Benelux countries.
The birth of modern international law, assumed to have taken place in 1648, was no moment of progress, nor was the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
The failure to learn from history largely comes from unconverted political leaders and ideologies of progress.By 1989 all three of them had proven to be illusions.The end of the Soviet system came as a complete surprise to most politicians and to all Western advocates of détente in the Nineteen Eighties.The ideals glimmering on the horizon are repaying evil with goodness, restoration and forgiveness. And what role does restorative justice play in this regard? Jacques Claessen (Maastricht, 1980) is an Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the Department of Criminal law and Criminology of the Faculty of Law at Maastricht University and serves as a substitute judge at the Limburg District Court in Maastricht, the Netherlands. The era of Détente as we called it, was0 considered to be a fairly stable and long-lasting political condition, even after Soviet tanks crushed Dubcek’s socialism with a human face in Prague. The Western democracies promoted the process of détente on the basis of three political illusions.This monograph discusses the views of several ethicists, philosophers, theologians, psychologists and legal scholars and seeks to provide answers to the following questions: what is forgiveness? Are retribution and forgiveness each other’s opposites? In 2012, he was awarded with the very first Bianchi Restorative Justice Prize. John Blad, former Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the Faculty of Law of Erasmus University Rotterdam, and Nico Tydeman, Zen teacher and spiritual leader of the Amsterdam Zen Centre. They assumed that common institutions between East and West would generate a sense of common interest in European security, facilitating negotiated solutions of outstanding problems.
The so-called dissidents won a peaceful victory over the one-party, repressive regimes in the East and helped to end the post-war division of Europe.